• Name: Californium

  • Symbol: Cf

  • Number of Energy Levels: 7

  • Electrons on the outer energy level: 2

  • Atomic Number: 98

  • Atomic Mass: 251 Amu

  • Protons / Electrons: 98

  • Neutrons: 153

  • Density: 14.78 g/cm3

  • Classification: Rare Earth

Top 18 interesting facts about Californium

  • Californium was discovered in 1949 by G. T. Seaborg. It was named after California (State and University).
  • Californium's melting point is at 900 C (1173 K, 1652 F) and its boiling point is at 1470 C (1743 K , 1652 F).
  • Californium is a silvery-white radioactive element.
  • Californium was first created in 1950 by bombarding curium with helium ions.
  • Californium is malleable and can be cut with a razor blade.
  • Californium vaporizes in vacuum above 300 centigrade.
  • Californium is just water soluble.
  • Californium is the heaviest element to occur on Earth.
  • Californium tarnishes in air.
  • Californium has 20 radioisotopes.
  • Californium-252 is the most common isotope.
  • Californium is used to start up nuclear reactors due to its property to emit neutrons.
  • Californium is also used as a source of neutrons.
  • Californium is used in nuclear synthesis of high mass elements such as synthesis of ununoctium (element 118).
  • Californium can be found around areas where atomic tests took place, around uranium deposits, and around areas where californium is used in mineral prospecting and medical treatments.
  • Californium is produced in nuclear reactors.
  • Californium accumulates in skeletal tissue affecting red blood cell formation.
  • Californium has no biological role in living organisms and it is considered toxic.