Carbon = Carbo (in Latin language) which means "coal"
Carbon has been known since prehistoric times.
Carbon exist freely in nature in different forms.
Carbon has 7 isotopes (but just 5 are well known).
Carbon forms multi-atomic structures with different molecular configurations. These configurations of carbon are called allotropes. The most well-known allotropes of carbon are amorphous carbon, graphite, and diamond.
Carbon is widely found in Universe mostly in the Sun, stars, comets, and in the atmosphere of most planets.
Carbon is mainly found in Earth atmosphere in combination with Oxygen and dissolved in water.
A significant quantity of Carbon is found in biosphere.
Coal, petroleum and natural gas are hydrocarbons and contain a large quantity of carbon.
Methane and unconventional gas also contain great amount of carbon.
Carbon's melting point is at 3500.0 °C (3773.15 K, 6332.0 °F) and the boiling point is at 4827.0 °C (5100.15 K, 8720.6 °F).