• Name: Carbon

  • Symbol: C

  • Number of Energy Levels: 2

  • Electrons on the outer energy level: 4

  • Atomic Number: 6

  • Atomic Mass: 1.00794 Amu

  • Protons / Electrons: 6

  • Neutrons: 6

  • Density: 2.62 g/cm3

  • Classification: Non-Metal

Top 12 interesting facts about Carbon

  • Carbon = Carbo (in Latin language) which means "coal"
  • Carbon has been known since prehistoric times.
  • Carbon exist freely in nature in different forms.
  • Carbon has 7 isotopes (but just 5 are well known).
  • Carbon forms multi-atomic structures with different molecular configurations. These configurations of carbon are called allotropes. The most well-known allotropes of carbon are amorphous carbon, graphite, and diamond.
  • Carbon is widely found in Universe mostly in the Sun, stars, comets, and in the atmosphere of most planets.
  • Carbon is mainly found in Earth atmosphere in combination with Oxygen and dissolved in water.
  • A significant quantity of Carbon is found in biosphere.
  • Coal, petroleum and natural gas are hydrocarbons and contain a large quantity of carbon.
  • Methane and unconventional gas also contain great amount of carbon.
  • Carbon's melting point is at 3500.0 °C (3773.15 K, 6332.0 °F) and the boiling point is at 4827.0 °C (5100.15 K, 8720.6 °F).
  • Carbon has a hexagonal crystal structure.