• Name: Copper

  • Symbol: Cu

  • Number of Energy Levels: 4

  • Electrons on the outer energy level: 1

  • Atomic Number: 29

  • Atomic Mass: 63.546 Amu

  • Protons / Electrons: 29

  • Neutrons: 35

  • Density: 8.96 g/cm3

  • Classification: Transition Metal

Top 13 interesting facts about Copper

  • Copper is known from ancient times. Its name derives from the Latin word "Cuprum".
  • Copper's melting point is at 1083.0 C (1356.15 K, 1981.4 F) and its boiling point is at 2567.0 C (2840.15 K, 4652.6 F).
  • Copper is a reddish-orange metal, very malleable and soft.
  • Copper has a very high thermal and electrical conductivity being used as a heat and electricity conductor and as a part of various alloys.
  • Copper has 29 isotopes, six of them are well known 61-Cu, 62-Cu, 63-Cu, 64-Cu, 65-Cu, and 67-Cu. Only 63-Cu and 65-Cu are stable.
  • Copper was mainly mined in Cyprus and it was called "the metal of Cyprus" or "cyprium"; later its name became "cuprum" in Latin language.
  • Copper is essential to all living organisms.
  • There are only for metals that have a color other than grey/silver. Copper is one of them.
  • Copper doesn't react with water but it reacts with oxygen from the air to form a dark-brown protective layer preventing it from further oxidation.
  • Chile is the largest producer of copper and the United States is rate as the second world producer of copper.
  • Recycled copper is the major source of copper in modern world although Earth contains large amounts of copper but they are not economically viable.
  • Copper is use in jewelry industry and it is an important constituent of gold alloys.
  • Copper's major applications are: electrical wire, roofing, plumbing, and different kinds of machinery.