• Name: Europium

  • Symbol: Eu

  • Number of Energy Levels: 6

  • Electrons on the outer energy level: 2

  • Atomic Number: 63

  • Atomic Mass: 151.964 Amu

  • Protons / Electrons: 63

  • Neutrons: 89

  • Density: 5.259 g/cm3

  • Classification: Rare Earth

Top 14 interesting facts about Europium

  • Europium was discovered in 1901 by Eugene Demarcay. Its name derives from the name of the continent Europe.
  • Europium's melting point is at 822.0 C (1095.15 K, 1511.6 F) and its boiling point is at 1597.0 C (1870.15 K, 2906.6 F).
  • Europium is a silvery ductile metal of moderate hardness similar of lead.
  • Europium oxidizes in air and water.
  • Europium is the most reactive Rare Earth element.
  • Europium has two naturally occurring isotopes: 151-Eu and 153-Eu (the most abundant).
  • Europium is produced by nuclear fission.
  • Europium is not found in nature as a free element but it is found in minerals bastnasite, monazite, xenotime, and loparite.
  • China is the largest producer of europium.
  • Europium's applications are few and based on its phosphorescence property.
  • Europium is used as a dopant in glass and lasers, in TV and fluorescent lamps, and in fluorescent glass production.
  • Europium is mined together with other rare earth elements.
  • Europium has no biological role in living organisms.
  • Europium is considered a non/low toxic element.