• Name: Lithium

  • Symbol: Li

  • Number of Energy Levels: 2

  • Electrons on the outer energy level: 1

  • Atomic Number: 3

  • Atomic Mass: 6.941 Amu

  • Protons / Electrons: 3

  • Neutrons: 4

  • Density: 0.53 g/cm3

  • Classification: Alkali-Metal

Top 12 interesting facts about Lithium

  • Lithium = Lithos (which means "stone" in Greek)
  • Lithium was discovered by Johan Arfvedson in 1817. He was analyzing minerals from the island of Uto in Sweden.
  • Lithium is the lightest metal and it has a melting point of 180.54 centigrade and a boiling point of 1347 centigrade.
  • Lithium’s density is about a half of water’s density.
  • Lithium reacts with water and has a silver/white color.
  • Lithium is very flammable and very corrosive. The flame produced by Lithium when it is burning has a red color. It requires special handling.
  • Lithium exists in solid state and as a liquid over a wide temperature range.
  • The most common usage of Lithium is in battery anodes (rechargeable battery technology) but not only. It is also use in synthesizing organic compounds and medical applications.
  • Lithium can not be found freely in nature. It is obtained in laboratory from chloride.
  • Lithium bombarded with neutrons produces tritium, an element used in nuclear applications.
  • Lithium is also used to produce Lithium stearate, a high-temperature lubricant.
  • Scientists believe that Lithium was produced within three minutes from the Big Bang.