• Name: Neodymium

  • Symbol: Nd

  • Number of Energy Levels: 6

  • Electrons on the outer energy level: 2

  • Atomic Number: 60

  • Atomic Mass: 144.24 Amu

  • Protons / Electrons: 60

  • Neutrons: 84

  • Density: 7.007 g/cm3

  • Classification: Rare Earth

Top 12 interesting facts about Neodymium

  • Neodymium was discovered in 1885 (and isolated in 1925) by Carl Auer von Welsbach. Its name derives from the Greek words "neos" which means "new", and "didymos" which means "twin".
  • Neodymium's melting point is at 1010.0 C (1283.15 K, 1850.0 F) and its boiling point is at 3127.0 C (3400.15 K, 5660.6 F).
  • Neodymium is a soft and silvery metal.
  • Neodymium is found in significant quantities in ore minerals monazite and bastnasite.
  • Neodymium is not found naturally in metallic form but always mixed with other lanthanides.
  • China is by far the largest producer of neodymium.
  • Neodymium has five stable isotopes: 142-Nd (the most abundant), 143-Nd, 145-Nd, 146-Nd, and 148-Nd.
  • Neodymium is used in cryocoolers due to its large heat capacity and in lasers as a gain media for infrared wavelengths.
  • Neodymium is used as a fertilizer (among other Rare Earth element compounds), particularly in China.
  • Neodymium is used in permanent magnets and they are the most powerful magnets known, therefore these magnets are used in microphones, loudspeakers, guitars, hard-disks etc.
  • Neodymium is widely used in glass industry for glass coloration, glass for astronomical work, incandescent light bulbs, rear-view mirror in automobiles industry for reducing glares at night etc.
  • Neodymium compounds are of low/moderate toxicity.