• Name: Nickel

  • Symbol: Ni

  • Number of Energy Levels: 4

  • Electrons on the outer energy level: 2

  • Atomic Number: 28

  • Atomic Mass: 58.6934 Amu

  • Protons / Electrons: 28

  • Neutrons: 31

  • Density: 8.902 g/cm3

  • Classification: Transition Metal

Top 13 interesting facts about Nickel

  • Nickel was discovered by Alex Cronstedt in 1751. Its name derives from German word "kupfernickel" which means "false copper".
  • Nickel melting point is at 1453.0 C (1726.15 K, 2647.4 F) and its boiling point is at 2732.0 C (3005.15 K, 4949.6 F).
  • Nickel is a hard ductile silver-white metal.
  • In normal conditions nickel forms a protective oxide layer which makes it not to react fast with air and be considered corrosion-resistant.
  • On Earth, nickel is found in compounds with iron, sulfur, or arsenic.
  • Finland, Greece, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia, Brazil, New Caledonia, Canada, and Russia have large deposits of nickel.
  • Nickel, alongside iron, cobalt, and gadolinium, is a ferromagnetic metal (but above 355 centigrade nickel becomes non-magnetic).
  • 60% of nickel production is used in stainless steel production.
  • There are 5 stable isotopes 58-Ni, 60-Ni, 61-Ni, 62-Ni, and 64-Ni.
  • 58-Ni is the most abundant isotope with more than 68% natural abundance.
  • The market price of nickel is around $14.000 per tone.
  • Nickel was extensively used in coin production.
  • The main uses of nickel are in special alloys production, rechargeable batteries, microphone capsules, electric guitar strings etc.