• Name: Tin

  • Symbol: Sn

  • Number of Energy Levels: 5

  • Electrons on the outer energy level: 4

  • Atomic Number: 50

  • Atomic Mass: 118.71 Amu

  • Protons / Electrons: 50

  • Neutrons: 69

  • Density: 7.31 g/cm3

  • Classification: Other Metals

Top 15 interesting facts about Tin

  • Tin was discovered in ancient times. Tin's symbol derives from the Latin word "stannum" which means "tin".
  • Tin's melting point is at 231.9 C (505.05 K, 449.41998 F) and its boiling point is at 2270.0 C (2543.15 K, 4118.0 F).
  • Tin is a silvery, malleable, ductile, and highly crystalline metal.
  • Tin is the 49th most abundant element in the Earth's crust.
  • Tin is extracted from various ores (Cassiterite is the most important source of tin).
  • Tin is mainly produced in China, Indonesia, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil.
  • Tin is also produced by recycling.
  • Tin has 10 stable isotopes.
  • The most abundant tin isotopes are 116-Sn, 118-Sn, and 120-Sn.
  • The least abundant isotope of tin is 115-Sn.
  • Tin alloyed with cooper forms bronze which was used since 3000 BC.
  • Tin can be polished and used as a protective coat for other metals.
  • Tin is used in many alloys to prevent corrosion.
  • Tin has low toxicity so it is used in food packaging.
  • More than a half of tin's production is used in solder.