• Name: Vanadium

  • Symbol: V

  • Number of Energy Levels: 4

  • Electrons on the outer energy level: 2

  • Atomic Number: 23

  • Atomic Mass: 50.9415 Amu

  • Protons / Electrons: 23

  • Neutrons: 28

  • Density: 5.8 g/cm3

  • Classification: Transition Metal

Top 13 interesting facts about Vanadium

  • Vanadium was discovered in 1830 by Nils Sefstrom. Its name derives from the word "Vanadis" which is Scandinavian goddess of beauty and fertility.
  • Vanadium's melting point is at 1890.0 C (2163.15 K, 3434.0 F) and boiling point at 3380.0 C (3653.15 K, 6116.0 F).
  • Vanadium is hard silver/grey metal.
  • In nature, vanadium can be found only chemically combined.
  • Elemental vanadium forms an oxide layer preventing it from further oxidation.
  • Pure element vanadium was obtained for the first time in 1867 by Henry Enfield Roscoe.
  • Vanadium is mainly produced in China and Russia.
  • The main use of vanadium (vanadium pentoxide) is as a catalyst for the production of sulfuric acid.
  • Vanadium is harder than most metals and steels and it has good resistance to corrosion.
  • Vanadium has one stable isotope 51-V and one radioactive isotope 50-V.
  • Vanadium can be found in 65 different minerals.
  • Vanadium is used in steel production to improve its quality.
  • Vanadium compounds are all considered toxic.