# ESL/EFL Lesson Plan on teaching numbers

Purpose of the lesson: Identifying numbers 1 – 100
Size of the class: 40 students
Age: 11-12 years old
Level: Elementary
Class length: 45 minutes

## Stage 1

The very beginner students might be able to identify numbers from 1 to 10. The next step will be the numbers that are multiple of 10 (20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, and 100).

Once the numbers are on the board, the drilling can start. Vietnamese learners have the following pronunciation problems regarding numbers:

• Five (5) is pronounced /faɪ/.
• Six (6) is pronounced /sɪk/.
• Nine (9) is pronounced /naɪ/.
• Twelve (12) is very often mispronounced.
• Fifteen (15) is pronounced /ˈfɪpˈtin/ (/p/ sound instead of /f/).
• Sixteen (16) is pronounced /ˈ sɪkˈtin/.
• The same mispronunciation for fifty (50) and sixty (60).

The teacher can point out the difference in pronunciation between “–teen” and “–ty”.

## Stage 2

The next step is providing the pattern of formatting the other numbers as you can see on the board plan:

The teacher asks students to come on the board and write the numbers in words. More examples and more drilling can be done at this stage, if it is necessary.

## Stage 3

In order to practice the numbers, students can play bingo using some of the numbers. I usually use numbers from 1 to 31.

First the teacher plays with students then the students can play by themselves. The teacher says a number and the class repeat the number. Don’t circle the number yet, let the student listen and try to understand. The teacher can ask a student to come in front of the class to be the leader of the game.

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