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ESL/EFL Lesson Plan | Food and drink


This is a lesson designed for 45 minute class. All of the learners are 11 years old Vietnamese. There are 45 students in the class, from beginner level to low intermediate level.

The purpose of the lesson is very simple: to identify food and drink items and use them in context.

Unlocking the vocabulary

Teacher asks students to come to the board and write as many food and drink vocabulary words as they know.

Students might use their books for inspiration and that is OK because it means they open the book, search for words, look at the pictures, try to memorize the spelling of the word, and come to the board and write the word.

The vocabulary words I use for this lesson are: beef, fish, chicken, rice, bread, tomato, potato, soup, pizza, lettuce, cabbage, onion, water, tea, milk, soda, orange juice. Of course, the teacher should have pictures of these items prepared and work with the students on pronunciation.

Extra words to be taught: breakfast, lunch, and dinner. In order to teach these words you can show three different pictures of a person eating and in each picture a clock showing 7 am for breakfast, 12 o’clock at noon for lunch and 6 pm for dinner.


Listening is the weakest point of Vietnamese learners and the text I use for this task might not sound very natural but it contains only word they already know. Here is the text that I am going to read for them (at least twice):

In the morning I usually drink coffee and I eat eggs, bread, and tomatoes. For lunch, I have rice with fish or beef but sometimes I eat pizza. My daughter likes to eat pizza too but my wife doesn’t. After lunch, I like to drink orange juice or soda. I have dinner at 6 o’clock and I usually eat soup and some vegetables. After dinner I always drink water.

And here are the questions to check their understanding.

Before starting the speaking task have the text projected on the board or if there isn’t a projector in the class then ask a student to write the text on the board and of course the other students write the text in their notebooks.

There are two reasons for doing that:

Writing and Speaking

Based on the example provided by the teacher during the listening task have students write in their notebooks what they eat and drink during a day. Once everything is written in their notebooks they can speak in front of their classmates.

The teacher can ask two students to come in front of the class; one student asks the questions from the question task and another student answers.

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