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ESL/EFL Lesson Plan on present simple, adjectives, and final -s sound

In this ESL lesson, the Simple Present, and the adjectives used for physical description of people and their personality are reviewed. The pronunciation part of the lesson focuses on the final -s sound of the third person singular Present Simple and plural of the nouns. It is a 45 minutes lesson, designed for low-intermediate learners.

Stage 1 (7 min)

Because the lesson’s vocabulary focuses on adjectives, the teacher can start the lesson with a simple word puzzle. It can be done in pairs or small groups. Here is the puzzle I have created for this lesson:

Something that is secured is ...
The opposite of young is ...
A place with many people is ...
It means engaging or exciting ...
He can do things quickly, so he is ...
The opposite of ugly is ...
The opposite of short is ...
Luxurious in dress, style or design is ...

ESL/EFL Lesson Plan on present simple, adjectives, and final -s sound

Give to students five minutes to complete the puzzle then ask what is the mysterious word.

Stage 2 – Reading (11 min)

“An on-line profile
I am Meg and I am a student at a university in Germany. I am from France and I can speak French, English and a little German. I like Germany and I consider it a very safe place. I like to make friends with interesting people and I don’t like crowded places. I don’t consider myself a beautiful girl but because I have long hair and I wear elegant clothes, my classmates always make me compliments. I get along well with most people but I am also shy. I like to listen to music and I love small and agile cars.”

I have composed this text for the lesson but according to the student’s level it can be modify to be more difficult, longer etc.

Task 1 (3 min)

The students guess the meaning of the highlighted words.

Task 2 (5 min)

Give students enough time to read the text.

Task 3 (3 min)

To check understanding of the text, the teacher ask students to mark true or false the following sentences:

Meg is from France.
Meg doesn’t speak English.
Meg likes small cars.
Meg thinks crowded places are safe.
Meg has long hair.
Meg is not shy.

Stage 3 – Grammar – Simple Present (5 min)

You might want to take a look at this article and explain the rules to the students. (5 min)

The teacher can do a simple grammar exercise related to Simple Present. It is also useful for reviewing the Questions Lesson. Here is the exercise: (3 min)

Complete the questions about Meg.

Where __________ live?
What ___________ do?
What ___________ like?
What languages __________ speak?

Stage 4 – Listening (6 min)

At this point students should be familiar with the adjectives. The teacher can create his own profile (but keep it simple and clear) and speak it out for the students. Probably having it written on a piece of paper is even better. The teacher reads the profile for students twice then asks the students to write down all of the words that describe the teacher.

Stage 5 – Pronunciation of the -s final sound (10 min)

The teacher asks students simple questions and another student to write the answers on the board.

Teacher: Where do you live?
Student: I live in Ho Chi Minh City.
Another student writes on the board: He lives in Ho Chi Minh City.

Ask the student who write the sentence on the board to underline the verb. In this way the teacher gets the students attention on the verb and on the final sound -s. The teacher should explain the pronunciation rules for final -s sound. Check out this article about how to pronounce -s endings.

The teacher write on the board the three phonetic symbols: /s/, /z/ and /iz/. Elicit the third person pronunciation of the verbs written and underlined on the board. The teacher makes sure he chooses the right verbs to cover the all three situations.

/s/ – works, likes laughs
/z/ – plays, lives, enjoys
/iz/ – exercises, relaxes, dresses

Stage 6 – Speaking (6 min)

Students work in pairs. Each student has to describe one classmate (Ex: Lam likes to play football. He studies very well and he speaks two foreign languages.) Teacher pays much attention on their pronunciation (especially final -s and vocabulary learned in this lesson). Also, the student who listens can ask questions for more details.

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