ESL Saigon logo

ESL Saigon

Task Based Learning

This is an overview of the Task Based Learning/Lesson method.
This learning method contains three main stages: pre-task, task cycle, and language focus. Each of these stages are also divided in two or more steps.


The teacher:
Introduces and defines the topic.
Uses activities to recall/learn useful words and phrases.
Makes sure the students understand the task instructions.
May play a recording of others doing the same or a similar task.

The students:
Note down useful words and phases that are used to complete the task.
Students are given few minutes to prepare the task.

Task cycle


The students:
Do the task based on a reading or listening text, in pairs or groups.

The teacher:
Monitors and encourage students.


The students:
Prepare to report to the class how they did the task and what they discovered or decided.
Rehearse what they will say or draft a written version for the class to read.

The teacher:
Ensures the purpose of the report is clear.
Acts as language adviser.
Helps students rehearse oral reports or organize written ones.


The students:
Present their spoken report to the class or display their written reports.

The teacher:
Acts as chairperson, selecting who will speak next, or ensuring all students read most of the written reports.
May give brief feedback on content and form.
May play a recording of others doing the same or a similar task.

Language focus


The students:
Do consciousness-raising activities to identify and process specific language features from the task text and/or transcript.
May ask about other features they have noticed.

The teacher:
Reviews each analysis activity with the class.
Bring other useful words, phrases and patterns to student’s attention.
May pick up on language items from the report stage.


The teacher:
Conducts practice activities after analysis activities where necessary, to build confidence.

The students:
Practice words, phrases and patterns from the analysis activities.
Practice other features occurring in the task text or report stage.
Enter useful language items in their language notebooks.

Back to index