Reading and listening skills are often neglected by both students and teachers. Almost every lesson starts with reading or listening and for this reason I consider these skills very important. Here are some tips for making the listening and reading activities more effective.
An introductory stage using visual elements or a discussion seems to be a good idea. Giving students context questions while they are listening is also a good idea. Such questions might be: “How many people are talking?”, “Do they know each other?”, “Where are they?” etc.
A pair (or small group) activity or discussion can do that. Such an activity before the reading/listening can generate relevant ideas as well.
I usually prepare a task for my students to answer while reading/listening. In this way the students are guided to a correct approach of the text and ensure that they will understand it. Depending on the text’s complexity, the teacher can set a series of tasks (for example: start with some gist questions for first reading/listening and continue with some more detailed questions for a second listening/reading).
That’s because simply taking the answer from the text without understanding what they have read or heard doesn’t really help.
That’s because our goal is not to confuse the students. Making the student to read/listen the whole text to find the answer is time consumption and students might give up.
You can set questions that start with a question word (what, who, why, when, where), yes/no questions, true/false questions or multiple choice. Of course, the type of question you choose depends on the text itself and the result you want to achieve.
This will also help students to focus on a specific part of the text.
Students will have opportunity to use the language and this will heighten their sense of achievement which is important from all points of view.
Some may say that this statement is not true and probably they are right because reading speed is reduced since we speak slower than we read. If we consider connecting speech then we may say that reading aloud interfere with pronunciation. Some people might say that it can help to deal with pronunciation on a particular word (and in some situations it is possible) but there are more effective techniques that can be use to deal with pronunciation.